Physical fitness is the overall state of health and well-being and specific fitness to perform a particular physical task or activity. In order to be physically fit, nutrition, exercise and rest are necessary. Physical fitness also includes an individual’s capacity to perform normal daily tasks and activities without getting stressed, fatigued or tired. Physical fitness also supports strong endurance and resistance against diseases and infections and faster recovery. The most common questions that dwell in our minds when we think of physical fitness are, how slim and trim I am? How fast can I run? How strong am I? How flexible am I? Can I coordinate my movements? Can I use my body to project what I want to exhibit?
There are five basic health related components of physical fitness…
Aerobic Endurance- Your level of aerobic endurance measures your ability to do moderately strenuous activity over a period of time. It is the measurement of how efficiently your heart and lungs work together to supply oxygen to your body during exertion and exercise.
Muscular Endurance- Muscular Endurance measures your fitness level y our ability to hold a particular position for a sustained period of time or repeat a movement many times. One example might be to lift a five-pound weight 20 consecutive times.
Muscular Strength- It is the ability to exert maximum force. It is possible to have greater muscular strength in one area, than other. For example, you may have great strength in your arms, while lacking strength in your legs. One example might be lifting the heaviest weight you can possibly lift.
Flexibility- Flexibility measures the ability to move a joint through its full range of motion or the elasticity of the muscle. This is how limber you are.
Body Composition- This fitness area measures the proportion of fat in your body as compared to your bone and muscle. It does not refer to your weight or your shape.
One must understand physical fitness and make it a way of life and realize that physical fitness is the ability to function efficiently and effectively, to enjoy leisure, to be healthy, to resist disease and to cope up with a situation in an emergency. To achieve significant health benefits, regular physical activity with fitness equipment of appropriate frequency, intensity and duration should be undertaken by an individual. Physical fitness and wellness is freedom from diseases which is more on the rampant today as a result of stressful and inactive lifestyles. Everyone wants to live a dignified and independent life. In order to remain fit and healthy and happy, we must exercise with gym equipments regularly. Our efforts to exercise regularly with equipments like treadmills, exercise bikes, rowing machine, kettlebell etc, will preserve and develop our capabilities. They will not only enhance our functioning but will also create feelings of quality living experience. Every individual must improve his/her quality of life by remaining fit in order to stay healthy throughout their lives. This will also develop positive attitudes so that people will have the courage and attitude to explore all possibilities in life and work towards achieving them, so there is personal fulfilment and satisfaction.
Exercise removes anger, prejudice, poor health, irritability, low self-esteem, uncooperative behaviour….In one word…Regular exercise keeps you HAPPY!